22 October 2021
Castle Phoenix Trust
How learning really works - and it's not what you think

How learning really works - and it's not what you think

I'd like to say a huge thank you to everyone who attended my session at the conference, if you couldn't make it then you might enjoy the video and slides along with the resources below. During the discussions, I heard many wonderful ideas about how to bring the science of learning into the classroom. I hope that you will continue these conversations, because that's the point of this; not to constrain you with a fixed set of tools but to get you thinking about how to apply the underlying principles. As I said at least once, does an architect care about the chemistry of concrete? Of course! They care about the characteristics of all of the materials they use, which is how they can build structures which are both exciting and safe. Taking that thinking into the classroom means that you think critically about why you're doing what you're doing, what deeper principles are involved and how you can make continual improvements based on new evidence.

If you're wondering why I didn't give a list of ways to use this knowledge in the classroom then the answer is simple, and it was contained within the presentation. When we receive information which contradicts the existing 'map' of life experience, that information is likely to be rejected; "that would never work". If that information agrees with the existing map, the reaction is, "I already know that". What we can strive to do is to create surprise, to introduce the unexpected and to allow the natural process of integration to take place. If you are willing to think curiously and creatively about the ideas I presented, your amazing brain will come up with new applications all by itself. Not knowing what to do is a perfect place to start, because if we stick to what works, all we're really doing is maintaining the habits of the past. We're sticking to rituals which worked in a very different world than the one we live in today. By imagining what might become possible tomorrow, you begin to share in the creation of that body of human knowledge which you are sharing with the world. Thank you for your dedication to continually improving how we do that.

Download my presentation slides

See a video of my presentation

Some useful resources

Newsletters & Blog  
Neuroscience News, an excellent daily newsletter of the latest research https://neurosciencenews.com/
My Genius at Work blog, loosely about learning and culture https://www.genius-at-work.co.uk/2021/10/learning-is-human.html
Videos
My YouTube channel with demonstrations and various other interesting things genius.li/youtube
Frans de Waal talks about his research into empathy and an innate sense of fairness in animals. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GcJxRqTs5nk
Lisa Feldman Barrett explains why what you've been told about emotions is wrong. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gks6ceq4eQ
Online Training  
NLP Practitioner Foundation - Free! genius.li/nlpfoundation
Research Papers  
The Neuroscience of Gapped Learning https://www.geniuslearning.co.uk/research/98-the-neuroscience-of-gapped-learning
Mirror Neurons and the Simulation Theory of Mind Reading, Gallese and Goldman, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Dec 1998. http://web.media.mit.edu/~cynthiab/Readings/Gallese-goldman98.pdf
Recalling Routes around London: Activation of the Right Hippocampus in Taxi Drivers, Maguire, Frackowiak & Frith, The Journal of Neuroscience, Sept 1997. http://www.jneurosci.org/content/17/18/7103.full
Differential Consolidation and Pattern Reverberations within Episodic Cell Assemblies in the Mouse Hippocampus, O┼čan, Chen, Feng & Tsien, PLOS, Feb 2011. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0016507
A picture is worth a thousand lies: Using false photographs to create false childhood memories, Wade, Garry, Read, Lindsay, 2002 http://web.uvic.ca/~dslind/sites/default/files/Wade,Garry,Read,&Lindsay2002.pdf
A brain implant which enables a blind woman to 'see' https://neurosciencenews.com/artificial-vision-prosthetics-19506/
Books  

The Brain that Changes Itself

Normal Doidge

Growing Up With Lucy

Steve Grand

How Emotions are Made

Lisa Feldman Barrett